Pakistan is a country located in southern Asia. The region now straddling the border of present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan is one of the most torn regions of the world. The Pakistani culture is primarily a mixture of various indigenous Pakistani ethnic groups and cultures, with influences from Central Asia, South Asia, Southwest Asia and West Asia.
Islam has played a significant role in shaping Pakistani culture. Pakistan is home to many different languages spoken by its diverse population, including Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Balochi, Hindko, Brahui and Urdu (the national language). English is also widely used as a second language.
The music of Pakistan includes traditional folk music and classical forms such as Qawwali and Ghazal Gayaki. Popular contemporary genres include pop, rock and film songs. Pakistani literature spans over a thousand years and encompasses both poetry and prose in various regional languages.
Poetry in Pakistan dates back to the 7th century AD , when Arabic and Persian poets began writing in their native tongue . However , it was not until the 14th century that poetry began to flourish in the subcontinent . Some well-known Pakistani poets include Faiz Ahmad Faiz , Allama Iqbal , Habib Jalib , Ahmad Faraz , Parveen Shakir , Kishwar Naheed , Imtiaz Dharker and Zulfikar Ghose .
Pakistan’s cuisine can be divided into four provinces: Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly known as Northwest Frontier Province)and Balochistan . Each province has its own specialties as well as common dishes which are enjoyed nationwide . Some popular dishes include chicken tikka masala , mutton karahi , kebabs , naan breads , qormas (stews)and biryani rice dishes .
Tea is Pakistan’s national drink – black tea with milk and sugar served piping hot in small glasses or ‘cups’–and there are few things more important than taking time out for a ‘cup of chai’ several times a day!
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Language in Pakistani Culture
Pakistan is home to a number of different languages, with Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, and Urdu being the most widely spoken. While English is also used in some parts of the country, it is not as prevalent as in other countries where English is an official language. The variety of languages spoken in Pakistan is reflective of the country’s diverse culture and history.
Pakistan has been invaded and occupied by a number of different empires over the centuries, each of which has left its mark on the country’s language landscape. Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and is spoken by the majority of people living in the country. Urdu developed out of Hindustani, a mix of Hindi and Persian, during the Mughal period when Persian was the court language.
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